Metro systems in the United States tend to be usually outdated, inconvenient and too expensive. (Plus, U.S. cities are quite spread out) Hence, that is why metro systems are not used very much. Moscow is quite a different story. The Moscow metro system is the 5th busiest in the world and has the most frequent service. For example, during rush hour, there is a train every minute. Any other time it is 3 minutes. Around 7 million people use the metro system everyday. This June, I was one of those passengers for a month and loved it!! Practically every station is amazing and different in its own way.
Why are the stations so grand in Moscow? Well the answers are rooted in Communist ideals. Before the Communist Revolution, the royal family would enjoy the palaces and finest things leaving the workers with nothing. The best way was to give the palaces to the people. Since Moscow was the capital and everyday people would use the metro, the stations would serve as palaces.
If you want to divide the stations in two styles; 1930s and 1950s. (Let’s not explain why stations were not built in the 1940s) In the 1930s stations were built with an Art Deco Style. The 1950s were created in more classical style. Those stations are larger and feel more open.
During WWII, the metro stations played a much different role. As Moscow was the target of many Soviet attacks, Moscow moved underground. Each station had a different purpose. For example, the Kurskaya station was used as a library. Other stations had hair dressers, hospitals, playgrounds, etc. After the war, they were used as bomb shelters.
Sometimes the trains have themes. Some have art and others showcase classic Soviet movies.
MOSCOW METRO LOGISTICS:
Cost: One Trip: 50 rubles (~85 cents) However if you get a ‘Troika’ card you can top off your card as much as you need. Also, each ride is 32 rubles (~50 cents). Also, a good working knowledge of the Cyrillic alphabet is helpful when riding. Not to be too worried, there will be a Latin alphabet station translation nearby.
If you want to know more about specific stations than just its beauty, I suggest looking into taking a metro tour.
Here are my Top Ten stations with honorable mentions. DISCLAIMER: You may disagree with my choices. Then again I can probably see why. My favorite Eurovision songs do horribly, I enjoy plaid and find a way to add cabbage to all my meals
- Ploshad Revolutsii Площадь Революции
This is by far my most favorite station. It is located right by Red Square. Sometimes I would get off a station early just to see it. Russians can be quite superstitous and this station is no exception. This station showcases statues of the most important people in Communist society; the farmer, soldier, student and athlete. You will notice that some statues have been touched many times. Looking for love? Touch one of the student’s shoes. Looking to get good grades without studying? Rub the dogs nose. Money problems? Rub the rooster.
Looking for love in the metro? Hope it all works out!
I guess one guy on our tour group doesn’t need to study.
2. Kievskaya Киевская
Kieveskaya is the metro station that takes you to the Kiev Vozkal (Train station) which is the station for trains heading towards Ukraine. It is not on metro tours but I love the mosaics and was one of the first stations that I was immediately awed by. I was not expecting anything but right away I needed to take time to took around.
I am glad they appreciated the farmer. However some agricultural practices during Soviet times were quite short-sighted. (We’ll cover this once I get to Kazakhstan)
3. Novoslobodskaya Новослободская
If stained glass windows are your thing? This will be obviously number one for you. I enjoyed each of the 32 panels. Every massive stained glass window is different. Of course it promoting and giving praise to good jobs in a Soviet society. Notice that they nicely changed the mural in this station. It used to suggest Stalin was peace. This was quickly changed after his death.
I am glad they loved the factory workers! I do as well since I am quite biased.
Making hay for little pay. I am sure that was said by both under communist and capitalist systems. However one system allows you to sing about it in a country song.
4. Arbatskaya Арбатская
This my station for my language school. It is named after Arbat Street which was home to some of the best writers in Russian literature. We timed it one day, it took 2 minutes for the escalator to go from top to bottom. This station was quite deep which also was used as a bomb shelter. This is one of the deepest stations in the system. The deepest is Park Peobody. The deepest in the world goes to the Arsenal Station in Kiev, Ukraine.
Yeah I didn’t have the patience so I usually walked up and down.
5. Komsomolskaya Комсомольская (Brown Line)
There are two stations but make sure you see the one on the Brown (Circle) Line. This is the biggest station in term of size. On the ceilings are painting of major points in Russian history.
6. Elektrozavodskaya Электрозаводская
A little out of the way but I do enjoy the design of the station.
7. Mayakovskaya Маяковская
This is usually both locals and tourist’s favorite station. What makes it unique is that the arches are supporting the weight of the ceiling of the station. Many architects thought the design of the station was impossible and it would collapse from the weight above. The paintings on the ceiling get deeper as you walk across the station. During WWII, they held sessions of the Duma (Congress).
8. Maryina Roshcha Марьина роща
Intricate mosaics of different seasons are what makes it quite a nice station.
9. Belorusskaya Белорусская
This station is in honor of the Belorussian Soviet state. It has a lot of painting of life in Belarus. This metro station also is for the train station for trains heading to Minsk, Belarus.
Yes, they have cow in Belarus too!
10. Mendelevskaya Менделеевская
This made the list for my science friends. Many in Russia believe that Mendel also invented vodka but we know for sure he was the Father of Modern Genetics. So here are some gene designs in the station.
Partizanskaya Партизанская- This station is in honour of the Partisans who fought during WWII. A partisan was someone who could not be part of the army but wanted to fight. Most of the time it was women, injured soldiers, older men and sometimes children.
Park Pobedy Парк Победы– This is the deepest station. It leads you to Victory Park and the WWII museum